Fire prevention

Longueuil municipal by-law

The fire-prevention by-law is in effect throughout the territory of the agglomeration. Unless otherwise indicated, the Fire Service is responsible for the application of this by-law. Subject to modifications contained this by-law, the National Fire Code of Canada 2010 (CNRC no 38727F) applies throughout the territory of the Agglomération de Longueuil.

Knowing certain rules and precautions that must be followed during the installation, modification, or use of certain equipment could help to save your life and the lives of your family members. Personnel from the Division des mesures préventives is at your service to inform you concerning methods of fire prevention. On request, technicians may also inspect equipment or installations to ensure that they are in compliance, so don't hesitate to contact the Division des mesures préventives.

For administrative matters or to obtain fire reports, please contact the Service de sécurité incendie (administration).


Solid-, Liquid- and Gas-Fuel Burning Equipment

Whatever type of wood stove has been installed, you run the risk of causing a fire if it is not used correctly. To ensure their safety and efficiency, wood stoves must be properly maintained. The manufacturer's recommendations must be followed. Only certified stoves should be used and, once installed, you should have them inspected by the fire safety service's Division des mesures préventives.

The operation of solid-, liquid- and gas-fuel burning equipment (e.g. fireplace, slow-burning wood stove, etc.) that does not comply with the requirements of the by-law is forbidden. Before installing such equipment, you may learn of these requirements from the Fire Service.

The installation of any solid-, liquid- and gas-fuel heating equipment, smoke stack, or chimney must be approved by the Fire Service before the inside wall is closed up and before the equipment is used.

Any installation or modification to a chimney, a fireplace, or heating equipment requires a permit from the Direction de l'aménagement et de l'urbanisme. A 30-cm by 30-cm access hatch above a wood- or gas-burning stove is mandatory so that an inspection may be carried out at any time.

If you doubt the safety of an existing installation, a representative of the Division des mesures préventives will be pleased to carry out a check and tell you of any precautions or work you should carry out to ensure that your equipment complies with the by-law. However, as provided by the by-law on pricing, fees must be paid by the customer.

Some safety tips:

  • Only burn dry, good quality hardwood;
  • Always remember that a fireplace or a wood stove is not an incinerator;
  • Always place cinders in a metal container that sits on a non-combustible floor (concrete) even when you believe the cinders to be cold;
  • Regularly check the chimney for accumulations of creosote (see the chimney sweeping section).

Smoke Detectors

Every year, people die because they did not have time to leave their home before a fire prevented them from doing so. Each dwelling must have at least one smoke detector per floor, including the basement, and these detectors must be maintained in working order.

It is the owner's responsibility to install, in each apartment, smoke detectors and to repair or replace them if they are faulty, by a smoke detector with a lithium battery with a 10-year lifespan. The renter must take the necessary measures to ensure that the smoke detector is working properly e.g. change the batteries regularly. If the detector is faulty, the renter must inform the owner without delay.

Smoke detectors must be installed on, or near, the ceiling. The manufacturer's recommendations must be followed. Check that the detector is ULC certified (Underwriters Laboratories of Canada). All detectors must be checked periodically, at least once a month.

When a number of detectors are connected to an electric circuit, they must be wired in such a way as to ensure that all the detectors sound the alarm simultaneously as soon as one of them detects smoke.

Barbecues and grills

Barbecues are allowed in the yard or a building's rear margin. Portable roasters or grills cannot be used indoors. Outdoors, these roasters and grills must be installed at least 60 cm (24") from any opening (door or window). Moreover, any wood carbon-burning appliance must rest on a fireproof material, and be kept at least 50 cm (20") away from anything that can catch fire.

Please note that charcoal devices are prohibited in the borough of Vieux-Longueuil.

Propane cylinders must not be stored inside a building, in a garage nor in an outdoor shed.

When you use your barbecue, take care not to cause any risk of fire and avoid creating excessive smoke that could annoy your neighbours. The installation and use of an outdoor fireplace may be subject to restrictions in certain boroughs. Respect the manufacturer's recommendations at all times.

Christmas Decorations

Decorations made from resinous trees such as firs, pine, or spruce, or the branches of such trees are not permitted in public buildings (shops, halls, etc.). However, they are allowed within private dwellings.

Clearances for Exits and Balconies

You must be able to leave a building quickly in case of fire. For this reason, exits and balconies must be kept clear of obstructions; this includes the passages leading to them. In winter, snow must be cleared away from the exits and balconies. Balconies must not be used as storage areas.

Outdoor Fires

In urban areas, outdoor fires constitute a fire hazard and may cause annoyance to your neighbours. Except in the case of a grill or barbecue, no outdoor fire may be lit without having obtained the prior permission of the Fire Service. The burning of rubbish or construction material is strictly forbidden.

Fireworks

The use of fireworks (firecrackers or other models) is strictly forbidden.

To hold an outdoor, or an indoor, firework display, prior permission must be obtained from the Fire Service. This type of permit is subject to special conditions to ensure the safety of those handling the fireworks, the spectators and property.

Civic Numbers

It is essential that the emergency services are able to rapidly find the address to which they have been summonsed. Characters used to identify the house number must be prominently displayed and sufficiently lit so that they may be easily seen from the road.

Chimney Sweeping

You may clean your chimney yourself or entrust this work to a chimney sweep. The agglomeration's fire prevention service does not recommend or accredit any chimney sweeping firm. However, the service wishes to warn citizens who are solicited by some firms, because some of them do not necessarily have the necessary qualifications.

To ensure your safety, choose a qualified contractor!

Remember that a chimney fire can quickly cause important damage to a building hence the importance of cleaning at least once a year any chimney linked to a solid fuel heating installation (fireplace, wood stove, etc.).

To have a chimney swept, it is recommended to hire an experienced chimney sweep who is a member of a recognized professional association. If the sweep must repair the chimney or the fireplace, you should check to ensure that he or she holds a permit from the Régie du bâtiment. Obtain a receipt as proof that the work has been carried out.

It is also recommended to inspect chimneys and chimney connections every year, or each time we install a heating appliance, no matter which type of fuel is used (gas, oil, wood, etc.).

For any other information, please visit: